Angular 13 Crud Tutorial with Web Services

Angular 13 crud operations with web services or api; In this tutorial, i am going to show you how to create crud operation apps in angular 13 using web services or rest API services.

Angular 13 CRUD Operation Example with Web API

Use the below given steps and create crud (create, read, update, delete) app in angular 13 apps; as follows:

  • Step 1 – Create New Angular App
  • Step 2 – Install Bootstrap
  • Step 3 – Create Module & Routing
  • Step 4 – Create CRUD Component For Module
  • Step 5 – Adding Routes
  • Step 6 – Create Interface
  • Step 7 – Create Services
  • Step 8 – Add Code in Component and Template
  • Step 9 – Import to Modules
  • Step 10 – Start Angular App

Step 1 – Create New Angular App

Run the following command on terminal to install angular app:

ng new my-crud-app --routing

Step 2 – Install Bootstrap

Run the following command on terminal to install boostratp:

npm install bootstrap --save

After that, import this css file into angular crud app:

src/styles.css

/* You can add global styles to this file, and also import other style files */@import "~bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.css";

Step 3 – Create Module & Routing

Run the following command on terminal to create module in angular app:

ng generate module post --routing

The above given command will create files in the following locations:

src/app/post/post.module.ts
src/app/post/post-routing.module.ts

Step 4 – Create CRUD Component

Run the following commands on the terminal to create CRUD components in angular app:

ng generate component post/index
ng generate component post/view
ng generate component post/create
ng generate component post/edit

Now, you can see that, the above commands will create some component files into the following locations:

src/app/post/index/*
src/app/post/view/*
src/app/post/create/*
src/app/post/edit/*

Step 5 – Adding Routes

Go to the src/app/post directory and open post-routing.module.ts Then add the routes into post-routing.module.ts file:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';
import { IndexComponent } from './index/index.component';
import { ViewComponent } from './view/view.component';
import { CreateComponent } from './create/create.component';
import { EditComponent } from './edit/edit.component';
  
const routes: Routes = [
  { path: 'post', redirectTo: 'post/index', pathMatch: 'full'},
  { path: 'post/index', component: IndexComponent },
  { path: 'post/:postId/view', component: ViewComponent },
  { path: 'post/create', component: CreateComponent },
  { path: 'post/:postId/edit', component: EditComponent } 
];
  
@NgModule({
  imports: [RouterModule.forChild(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
})
export class PostRoutingModule { }

Step 6 – Create Interface

Run the following command on terminal to create interface:

ng generate interface post/post

Then Go to src/app/post directory and open post.ts. And add the following code into it:

export interface Post {
id: number;
title: string;
body: string;
}

Step 7 – Create Services

Run the following command to create services:

ng generate service post/post

Then go to src/app/post directory and open post.service.ts. Then add the following code into it:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient, HttpHeaders } from '@angular/common/http';
   
import {  Observable, throwError } from 'rxjs';
import { catchError } from 'rxjs/operators';
  
import { Post } from './post';
   
@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class PostService {
   
  private apiURL = "https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com";
   
  httpOptions = {
    headers: new HttpHeaders({
      'Content-Type': 'application/json'
    })
  }
  
  constructor(private httpClient: HttpClient) { }
   
  getAll(): Observable<Post[]> {
    return this.httpClient.get<Post[]>(this.apiURL + '/posts/')
    .pipe(
      catchError(this.errorHandler)
    )
  }
   
  create(post): Observable<Post> {
    return this.httpClient.post<Post>(this.apiURL + '/posts/', JSON.stringify(post), this.httpOptions)
    .pipe(
      catchError(this.errorHandler)
    )
  }  
   
  find(id): Observable<Post> {
    return this.httpClient.get<Post>(this.apiURL + '/posts/' + id)
    .pipe(
      catchError(this.errorHandler)
    )
  }
   
  update(id, post): Observable<Post> {
    return this.httpClient.put<Post>(this.apiURL + '/posts/' + id, JSON.stringify(post), this.httpOptions)
    .pipe(
      catchError(this.errorHandler)
    )
  }
   
  delete(id){
    return this.httpClient.delete<Post>(this.apiURL + '/posts/' + id, this.httpOptions)
    .pipe(
      catchError(this.errorHandler)
    )
  }
    
  
  errorHandler(error) {
    let errorMessage = '';
    if(error.error instanceof ErrorEvent) {
      errorMessage = error.error.message;
    } else {
      errorMessage = `Error Code: ${error.status}\nMessage: ${error.message}`;
    }
    return throwError(errorMessage);
 }
}

Note that, In this example, i will use https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com web site api.

Step 8 – Add Code in Component and Template

Create components and template like list page, create page, edit page and view page in angular crud app.

1) List Page Template and Component

Go to src/app/post/index directory and open index.component.ts or create index.components.ts, if not exist. Then add the following code into it:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { PostService } from '../post.service';
import { Post } from '../post';
      
@Component({
  selector: 'app-index',
  templateUrl: './index.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./index.component.css']
})
export class IndexComponent implements OnInit {
      
  posts: Post[] = [];
    
  /*------------------------------------------
  --------------------------------------------
  Created constructor
  --------------------------------------------
  --------------------------------------------*/
  constructor(public postService: PostService) { }
    
  /**
   * Write code on Method
   *
   * @return response()
   */
  ngOnInit(): void {
    this.postService.getAll().subscribe((data: Post[])=>{
      this.posts = data;
      console.log(this.posts);
    })  
  }
    
  /**
   * Write code on Method
   *
   * @return response()
   */
  deletePost(id:number){
    this.postService.delete(id).subscribe(res => {
         this.posts = this.posts.filter(item => item.id !== id);
         console.log('Post deleted successfully!');
    })
  }
    
}

Go to src/app/post/index directory and open index.component.html or create index.component.html, if not exist. Then add the following code into it:

<div class="container">
    <h1>Angular 13 CRUD Example - Laratutorials.com</h1>
  
    <a href="#" routerLink="/post/create/" class="btn btn-success">Create New Post</a>
    
    <table class="table table-bordered">
      <tr>
        <th>ID</th>
        <th>Title</th>
        <th>Body</th>
        <th width="220px">Action</th>
      </tr>
      <tr *ngFor="let post of posts">
        <td>{{ post.id }}</td>
        <td>{{ post.title }}</td>
        <td>{{ post.body }}</td>
        <td>
          <a href="#" [routerLink]="['/post/', post.id, 'view']" class="btn btn-info">View</a>
          <a href="#" [routerLink]="['/post/', post.id, 'edit']" class="btn btn-primary">Edit</a>
          <button type="button" (click)="deletePost(post.id)" class="btn btn-danger">Delete</button>
        </td>
      </tr>
    </table>
 </div>

2) Add Post Page Template and Component

Go to src/app/post/create directory and open create.component.ts or create create.components.ts, if not exist. Then add the following code into it:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { PostService } from '../post.service';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
import { FormGroup, FormControl, Validators} from '@angular/forms';
     
@Component({
  selector: 'app-create',
  templateUrl: './create.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./create.component.css']
})
export class CreateComponent implements OnInit {
    
  form!: FormGroup;
    
  /*------------------------------------------
  --------------------------------------------
  Created constructor
  --------------------------------------------
  --------------------------------------------*/
  constructor(
    public postService: PostService,
    private router: Router
  ) { }
    
  /**
   * Write code on Method
   *
   * @return response()
   */
  ngOnInit(): void {
    this.form = new FormGroup({
      title: new FormControl('', [Validators.required]),
      body: new FormControl('', Validators.required)
    });
  }
    
  /**
   * Write code on Method
   *
   * @return response()
   */
  get f(){
    return this.form.controls;
  }
    
  /**
   * Write code on Method
   *
   * @return response()
   */
  submit(){
    console.log(this.form.value);
    this.postService.create(this.form.value).subscribe((res:any) => {
         console.log('Post created successfully!');
         this.router.navigateByUrl('post/index');
    })
  }
  
}

Go to src/app/post/create a directory and open create.component.html or create create.component.html, if not exist. Then add the following code into it:

<div class="container">
    <h1>Create New Post</h1>
  
    <a href="#" routerLink="/post/index" class="btn btn-primary">Back</a>
        
    <form [formGroup]="form" (ngSubmit)="submit()">
  
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="title">Title:</label>
            <input 
                formControlName="title"
                id="title" 
                type="text" 
                class="form-control">
            <div *ngIf="f['title'].touched && f['title'].invalid" class="alert alert-danger">
                <div *ngIf="f['title'].errors && f['title'].errors['required']">Title is required.</div>
            </div>
        </div>
  
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="body">Body</label>
            <textarea 
                formControlName="body"
                id="body" 
                type="text" 
                class="form-control">
            </textarea>
            <div *ngIf="f['body'].touched && f['body'].invalid" class="alert alert-danger">
                <div *ngIf="f['body'].errors && f['body'].errors['required']">Body is required.</div>
            </div>
        </div>
  
        <button class="btn btn-primary" type="submit" [disabled]="!form.valid">Submit</button>
    </form>
</div>

3) Edit Page Template and Component

Go to src/app/post/edit directory and open edit.component.ts or create edit.components.ts, if not exist. Then add the following code into it:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { PostService } from '../post.service';
import { ActivatedRoute, Router } from '@angular/router';
import { Post } from '../post';
import { FormGroup, FormControl, Validators} from '@angular/forms';
     
@Component({
  selector: 'app-edit',
  templateUrl: './edit.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./edit.component.css']
})
export class EditComponent implements OnInit {
      
  id!: number;
  post!: Post;
  form!: FormGroup;
    
  /*------------------------------------------
  --------------------------------------------
  Created constructor
  --------------------------------------------
  --------------------------------------------*/
  constructor(
    public postService: PostService,
    private route: ActivatedRoute,
    private router: Router
  ) { }
    
  /**
   * Write code on Method
   *
   * @return response()
   */
  ngOnInit(): void {
    this.id = this.route.snapshot.params['postId'];
    this.postService.find(this.id).subscribe((data: Post)=>{
      this.post = data;
    }); 
      
    this.form = new FormGroup({
      title: new FormControl('', [Validators.required]),
      body: new FormControl('', Validators.required)
    });
  }
    
  /**
   * Write code on Method
   *
   * @return response()
   */
  get f(){
    return this.form.controls;
  }
    
  /**
   * Write code on Method
   *
   * @return response()
   */
  submit(){
    console.log(this.form.value);
    this.postService.update(this.id, this.form.value).subscribe((res:any) => {
         console.log('Post updated successfully!');
         this.router.navigateByUrl('post/index');
    })
  }
   
}

Go to src/app/post/edit a directory and open edit.component.html or create edit.component.html, if not exist. Then add the following code into it:

<div class="container">
    <h1>Update Post</h1>
   
    <a href="#" routerLink="/post/index" class="btn btn-primary">Back</a>
          
    <form [formGroup]="form" (ngSubmit)="submit()">
    
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="title">Title:</label>
            <input 
                formControlName="title"
                id="title" 
                type="text" 
                [(ngModel)]="post.title"
                class="form-control">
            <div *ngIf="f['title'].touched && f['title'].invalid" class="alert alert-danger">
                <div *ngIf="f['title'].errors && f['title'].errors['required']">Title is required.</div>
            </div>
        </div>
           
        <div class="form-group">
            <label for="body">Body</label>
            <textarea 
                formControlName="body"
                id="body" 
                type="text" 
                [(ngModel)]="post.body"
                class="form-control">
            </textarea>
            <div *ngIf="f['body'].touched && f['body'].invalid" class="alert alert-danger">
                <div *ngIf="f['body'].errors && f['body'].errors['required']">Body is required.</div>
            </div>
        </div>
         
        <button class="btn btn-primary" type="submit" [disabled]="!form.valid">Update</button>
    </form>
</div>

4) Detail Page Template and Component

Go to src/app/post/view directory and open view.component.ts or view.components.ts, if not exist. Then add the following code into it:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { PostService } from '../post.service';
import { ActivatedRoute, Router } from '@angular/router';
import { Post } from '../post';
    
@Component({
  selector: 'app-view',
  templateUrl: './view.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./view.component.css']
})
export class ViewComponent implements OnInit {
     
  id!: number;
  post!: Post;
    
  /*------------------------------------------
  --------------------------------------------
  Created constructor
  --------------------------------------------
  --------------------------------------------*/
  constructor(
    public postService: PostService,
    private route: ActivatedRoute,
    private router: Router
   ) { }
    
  /**
   * Write code on Method
   *
   * @return response()
   */
  ngOnInit(): void {
    this.id = this.route.snapshot.params['postId'];
        
    this.postService.find(this.id).subscribe((data: Post)=>{
      this.post = data;
    });
  }
    
}

Go to src/app/post/view a directory and open view.component.html or create view.component.html, if not exist. Then add the following code into it:

<div class="container">
    <h1>View Post</h1>
  
    <a href="#" routerLink="/post/index" class="btn btn-primary">Back</a>
   
    <div>
        <strong>ID:</strong>
        <p>{{ post.id }}</p>
    </div>
   
    <div>
        <strong>Title:</strong>
        <p>{{ post.title }}</p>
    </div>
   
    <div>
        <strong>Body:</strong>
        <p>{{ post.body }}</p>
    </div>
   
</div>

Go to src/app directory and open app.component.html. Then add the following line into it:

<router-outlet></router-outlet>

Step 9 – Import to Modules

Go to src/app directory and open app.module.ts. Then add the following line into it:

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';
  
import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
  
import { PostModule } from './post/post.module';
  
@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,
    AppRoutingModule,
    PostModule,
    HttpClientModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

Go to src/app/post directory and open post.module.ts. Then add the following line into it:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { CommonModule } from '@angular/common';
  
import { PostRoutingModule } from './post-routing.module';
import { IndexComponent } from './index/index.component';
import { ViewComponent } from './view/view.component';
import { CreateComponent } from './create/create.component';
import { EditComponent } from './edit/edit.component';
  
import { FormsModule, ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
  
@NgModule({
  declarations: [IndexComponent, ViewComponent, CreateComponent, EditComponent],
  imports: [
    CommonModule,
    PostRoutingModule,
    FormsModule,
    ReactiveFormsModule
  ]
})
export class PostModule { }

Step 10 – Start Angular App

In this step, execute the following command on terminal to start angular app:

ng serve

Then open your browser and hit the following url on it:

localhost:4200/post

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