Angular 13 MEAN Stack CRUD Tutorial Example

Angular 13 node js mongodb crud example; Through this tutorial, i am going to show you how to create ( MEAN Stack) crud apps using angular 13 + node js express rest API and MongoDB.

Angular 13 MEAN Stack CRUD Tutorial Example

Use the below given steps to create angular 13 + node js mongodb crud application; as follows:

  • Step 1 – Create New Angular App
  • Step 2 – Create Components in Angular
  • Step 3 – Import Modules in app.module.ts
  • Step 4 – Create CRUD Routes
  • Step 5 – Build RESTful API using Node + Express js + MongoDB
  • Step 6 – Create Angular Service for REST API Consumption
  • Step 7 – Add code In app.component.html
  • Step 8 – Create Operation

Step 1 – Create New Angular App

Run the following command on terminal to install angular app:

ng new my-new-app

Then run the following command on terminal to install angular material:

ng add @angular/material

Step 2 – Create Components in Angular

Run the following commands on terminal to generate components in our angular application. So, open y cour terminal and execute the following command:

ng g c components/add-book
ng g c components/book-detail
ng g c components/books-list

Step 3 – Import Modules in app.module.ts

Then go to src/app directory and open app.module.ts file. Then add the following code into it:

...
...
import { FormsModule, ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';
@NgModule({
  declarations: [],
  imports: [
    FormsModule,
    HttpClientModule,
    ReactiveFormsModule
  ],
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: []
})
export class AppModule { }

Step 4 – Create CRUD Routes

Create routes; with the help of Angular routes. So, you will make the consensus with components to enable the navigation in the CRUD application so add the below code in the app-routing.module.ts file.

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';
import { BooksListComponent } from './components/books-list/books-list.component';
import { AddBookComponent } from './components/add-book/add-book.component';
import { BookDetailComponent } from './components/book-detail/book-detail.component';
const routes: Routes = [
  { path: '', pathMatch: 'full', redirectTo: 'add-book' },
  { path: 'books-list', component: BooksListComponent },
  { path: 'add-book', component: AddBookComponent },
  { path: 'edit-book/:id', component: BookDetailComponent }
];
@NgModule({
  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
})
export class AppRoutingModule { }

Step 5 – Build RESTful API using Node + Express js + MongoDB

Run the below command to invoke the REST API development with Node and Express.js:

mkdir node-rest-api && cd node-rest-api

Then execute:

npm init -y

After that, execute the following commands to install imperative npm packages which will help us to create REST APIs for our Angular CRUD system:

npm install express cors body-parser mongoose
npm install nodemon --save-dev

To store the data flawlessly, you need a reliable database of what else could be a better choice than mongoDB. So, create a node-backend/database directory, also generate the db.js file where all the logic will be piled up for invoking the mongoDB connection.

mkdir database && cd database && touch db.js

Add the below code in node-backend/database/db.js file.

module.exports = {
    db: 'mongodb://localhost:27017/db'
};

Now, you need to create the Book model or schema, create node-backend/model folder. Also create a Book.js file and add the below code into it:

const mongoose = require('mongoose');
const Schema = mongoose.Schema;
let Book = new Schema({
  name: {
    type: String
  },
  price: {
    type: String
  },
  description: {
    type: String
  }
}, {
  collection: 'books'
})
module.exports = mongoose.model('Book', Book)

Then, You need to define the REST API routes using Express js in a node project. Create node-backend/routes folder, also create book.routes.js file, Add the below code into it:

const express = require('express');
const app = express();
const bookRoute = express.Router();
let Book = require('../model/Book');
// Add Book
bookRoute.route('/add-book').post((req, res, next) => {
    Book.create(req.body, (error, data) => {
    if (error) {
      return next(error)
    } else {
      res.json(data)
    }
  })
});
// Get all Book
bookRoute.route('/').get((req, res) => {
    Book.find((error, data) => {
    if (error) {
      return next(error)
    } else {
      res.json(data)
    }
  })
})
// Get Book
bookRoute.route('/read-book/:id').get((req, res) => {
    Book.findById(req.params.id, (error, data) => {
    if (error) {
      return next(error)
    } else {
      res.json(data)
    }
  })
})
// Update Book
bookRoute.route('/update-book/:id').put((req, res, next) => {
    Book.findByIdAndUpdate(req.params.id, {
    $set: req.body
  }, (error, data) => {
    if (error) {
      return next(error);
      console.log(error)
    } else {
      res.json(data)
      console.log('Book updated successfully!')
    }
  })
})
// Delete Book
bookRoute.route('/delete-book/:id').delete((req, res, next) => {
    Book.findByIdAndRemove(req.params.id, (error, data) => {
    if (error) {
      return next(error);
    } else {
      res.status(200).json({
        msg: data
      })
    }
  })
})
module.exports = bookRoute;

Now, you need to sum up all the code and conjugate at one place so that you can run our backend and propel the CRUD app development forward.

Create and add the below code in index.js file:

let express = require('express'),
  path = require('path'),
  mongoose = require('mongoose'),
  cors = require('cors'),
  bodyParser = require('body-parser'),
  mongoDb = require('./database/db');
mongoose.Promise = global.Promise;
mongoose.connect(mongoDb.db, {
  useNewUrlParser: true,
  useFindAndModify: false,
  useUnifiedTopology: true
}).then(() => {
    console.log('Database sucessfully connected ')
  },
  error => {
    console.log('Database error: ' + error)
  }
)
const bookRoute = require('./routes/book.routes')
const app = express();
app.use(bodyParser.json());
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({
  extended: false
}));
app.use(cors());
// Static directory path
app.use(express.static(path.join(__dirname, 'dist/angular-mean-crud-tutorial')));
// API root
app.use('/api', bookRoute)
// PORT
const port = process.env.PORT || 8000;
app.listen(port, () => {
  console.log('Listening on port ' + port)
})
// 404 Handler
app.use((req, res, next) => {
  next(createError(404));
});
// Base Route
app.get('/', (req, res) => {
  res.send('invaild endpoint');
});
app.get('*', (req, res) => {
  res.sendFile(path.join(__dirname, 'dist/angular-mean-crud-tutorial/index.html'));
});
// error handler
app.use(function (err, req, res, next) {
  console.error(err.message);
  if (!err.statusCode) err.statusCode = 500;
  res.status(err.statusCode).send(err.message);
});

Step 6 – Create Angular Service for REST API Consumption

Go to app/service directory in Angular project and create Book.ts class within.

Then, add the below code in app/service/Book.ts file:

export class Book {
    _id!: String;
    name!: String;
    price!: String;
    description!: String;
}

Then, execute the command to create crud service file:

ng g s service/crud

Then, add the below code in app/service/crud.service.ts file:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Book } from './Book';
import { catchError, map } from 'rxjs/operators';
import { Observable, throwError } from 'rxjs';
import { HttpClient, HttpHeaders, HttpErrorResponse } from '@angular/common/http';
@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class CrudService {
  // Node/Express API
  REST_API: string = 'http://localhost:8000/api';
  // Http Header
  httpHeaders = new HttpHeaders().set('Content-Type', 'application/json');
  constructor(private httpClient: HttpClient) { }
  // Add
  AddBook(data: Book): Observable<any> {
    let API_URL = `${this.REST_API}/add-book`;
    return this.httpClient.post(API_URL, data)
      .pipe(
        catchError(this.handleError)
      )
  }
  // Get all objects
  GetBooks() {
    return this.httpClient.get(`${this.REST_API}`);
  }
  // Get single object
  GetBook(id:any): Observable<any> {
    let API_URL = `${this.REST_API}/read-book/${id}`;
    return this.httpClient.get(API_URL, { headers: this.httpHeaders })
      .pipe(map((res: any) => {
          return res || {}
        }),
        catchError(this.handleError)
      )
  }
  // Update
  updateBook(id:any, data:any): Observable<any> {
    let API_URL = `${this.REST_API}/update-book/${id}`;
    return this.httpClient.put(API_URL, data, { headers: this.httpHeaders })
      .pipe(
        catchError(this.handleError)
      )
  }
  // Delete
  deleteBook(id:any): Observable<any> {
    let API_URL = `${this.REST_API}/delete-book/${id}`;
    return this.httpClient.delete(API_URL, { headers: this.httpHeaders}).pipe(
        catchError(this.handleError)
      )
  }
  // Error 
  handleError(error: HttpErrorResponse) {
    let errorMessage = '';
    if (error.error instanceof ErrorEvent) {
      // Handle client error
      errorMessage = error.error.message;
    } else {
      // Handle server error
      errorMessage = `Error Code: ${error.status}\nMessage: ${error.message}`;
    }
    console.log(errorMessage);
    return throwError(errorMessage);
  }
}

Step 7 – Add code In app.component.html

Create html and for crud app in angular . So, go to src/app/app.component.html and update the following code into it:

<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-lg navbar-light bg-light">
  <a class="navbar-brand">Angular 13 CRUD Operations Demo</a>
  <div id="navbarNav" class="collapse navbar-collapse">
    <ul class="navbar-nav ml-auto ">
      <li class="nav-item">
        <a class="nav-link" routerLinkActive="active" routerLink="/books-list">Show Books</a>
      </li>
      <li class="nav-item">
        <a class="nav-link" routerLinkActive="active" routerLink="/add-book">Add Books</a>
      </li>
    </ul>
  </div>
</nav>
<router-outlet></router-outlet>

Step 8 – Create Operation

After that, Add the code in add-book.component.ts file:

import { Component, OnInit, NgZone } from '@angular/core';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
import { CrudService } from './../../service/crud.service';
import { FormGroup, FormBuilder } from "@angular/forms";
@Component({
  selector: 'app-add-book',
  templateUrl: './add-book.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./add-book.component.scss']
})
export class AddBookComponent implements OnInit {
  bookForm: FormGroup;
  
  constructor(
    public formBuilder: FormBuilder,
    private router: Router,
    private ngZone: NgZone,
    private crudService: CrudService
  ) { 
    this.bookForm = this.formBuilder.group({
      name: [''],
      price: [''],
      description: ['']
    })
  }
  ngOnInit() { }
  onSubmit(): any {
    this.crudService.AddBook(this.bookForm.value)
    .subscribe(() => {
        console.log('Data added successfully!')
        this.ngZone.run(() => this.router.navigateByUrl('/books-list'))
      }, (err) => {
        console.log(err);
    });
  }
}

Then, Add the code in add-book.component.html file:

<div class="row justify-content-center mt-5">
    <div class="col-md-4">
        <form [formGroup]="bookForm" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit()">
          <div class="form-group">
            <label>Name</label>
            <input class="form-control" type="text" formControlName="name" required>
          </div>
  
          <div class="form-group">
            <label>Price</label>
            <input class="form-control" type="text" formControlName="price" required>
          </div>
  
          <div class="form-group">
            <label>Description</label>
            <input class="form-control" type="text" formControlName="description" required>
          </div>
  
          <div class="form-group">
            <button class="btn btn-primary btn-block" type="submit">Add Book</button>
          </div>
        </form>
    </div>
  </div>

Add the code in books-list.component.ts file:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { CrudService } from './../../service/crud.service';
@Component({
  selector: 'app-books-list',
  templateUrl: './books-list.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./books-list.component.scss']
})
export class BooksListComponent implements OnInit {
  
  Books:any = [];
  constructor(private crudService: CrudService) { }
  ngOnInit(): void {
    this.crudService.GetBooks().subscribe(res => {
      console.log(res)
      this.Books =res;
    });    
  }
  delete(id:any, i:any) {
    console.log(id);
    if(window.confirm('Do you want to go ahead?')) {
      this.crudService.deleteBook(id).subscribe((res) => {
        this.Books.splice(i, 1);
      })
    }
  }
}

Add the code in books-list.component.html file:

<div class="container">
  <div class="d-flex justify-content-between flex-wrap flex-md-nowrap align-items-center pt-3 pb-2 mb-3 border-bottom">
    <h2 class="h2">Books List</h2>
  </div>
  <div class="table-responsive">
    <table class="table table-bordered">
      <thead>
        <tr>
          <th scope="col">Id</th>
          <th scope="col">Name</th>
          <th scope="col">Price</th>
          <th scope="col">Description</th>
          <th class="text-center" scope="col">Action</th>
        </tr>
      </thead>
      <tbody>
        <tr *ngFor="let book of Books; let i = index">
          <th scope="row">{{book._id}}</th>
          <td>{{book.name}}</td>
          <td>{{book.price}}</td>
          <td>{{book.description}}</td>
          <td class="text-center">
            <button class="btn btn-sm btn-primary" routerLink="/edit-book/{{book._id}}">Edit</button>
            <button class="btn btn-sm btn-danger" (click)="delete(book._id, i)">Delete</button>
        </tr>
      </tbody>
    </table>
  </div>
</div>

Add the code in book-detail.component.ts file:

import { Component, OnInit, NgZone } from '@angular/core';
import { Router, ActivatedRoute } from '@angular/router';
import { CrudService } from './../../service/crud.service';
import { FormGroup, FormBuilder } from "@angular/forms";
@Component({
  selector: 'app-book-detail',
  templateUrl: './book-detail.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./book-detail.component.scss']
})
export class BookDetailComponent implements OnInit {
  getId: any;
  updateForm: FormGroup;
  
  constructor(
    public formBuilder: FormBuilder,
    private router: Router,
    private ngZone: NgZone,
    private activatedRoute: ActivatedRoute,
    private crudService: CrudService
  ) {
    this.getId = this.activatedRoute.snapshot.paramMap.get('id');
    this.crudService.GetBook(this.getId).subscribe(res => {
      this.updateForm.setValue({
        name: res['name'],
        price: res['price'],
        description: res['description']
      });
    });
    this.updateForm = this.formBuilder.group({
      name: [''],
      price: [''],
      description: ['']
    })
  }
  ngOnInit() { }
  onUpdate(): any {
    this.crudService.updateBook(this.getId, this.updateForm.value)
    .subscribe(() => {
        console.log('Data updated successfully!')
        this.ngZone.run(() => this.router.navigateByUrl('/books-list'))
      }, (err) => {
        console.log(err);
    });
  }
}

Add the code in book-detail.component.html file:

<div class="row justify-content-center mt-5">
  <div class="col-md-4">
    <form [formGroup]="updateForm" (ngSubmit)="onUpdate()">
      <div class="form-group">
        <label>Name</label>
        <input class="form-control" type="text" formControlName="name" required>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label>Price</label>
        <input class="form-control" type="text" formControlName="price" required>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label>Description</label>
        <input class="form-control" type="text" formControlName="description" required>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <button class="btn btn-primary btn-block" type="submit">Update</button>
      </div>
    </form>
  </div>
</div>

Conclusion

In this tutorial, You have learned how to create crud app in angular 13 using nodejs and mongo db with built REST API.

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