C Program to Insertion Sort

In this tutorial, i am going to show you how to implement the insertion sort program in c with the help of for loop, while loop, and function.

Insertion sort is a sorting algorithm that places an unsorted element at its suitable place in each iteration. Insertion sort works similarly as we sort cards in our hand in a card game. We assume that the first card is already sorted then, we select an unsorted card.

All C Program For Insertion Sort

  • C Program to Insertion Sort using For Loop
  • C Program to Insertion Sort using While Loop
  • C Program to Insertion Sort using Function

C Program to Insertion Sort using For Loop

#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    int a[100], number, i, j, temp;
    
    printf("\n Please Enter the total Number of Elements  :  ");
    scanf("%d", &number);
    
    printf("\n Please Enter the Array Elements  :  ");
    for(i = 0; i < number; i++)
        scanf("%d", &a[i]);
    
    for(i = 1; i <= number - 1; i++)
    {
        for(j = i; j > 0 && a[j - 1] > a[j]; j--)
        {
                temp = a[j];
                a[j] = a[j - 1];
                a[j - 1] = temp;
        }
    }
    printf("\n Insertion Sort Result : ");
    for(i = 0; i < number; i++)
    {
        printf(" %d \t", a[i]);
    }
    printf("\n");
    return 0;
}

The result of the above c program; is as follows:

Please Enter the total Number of Elements  :  5
Please Enter the Array Elements  :  1 9 4 3 2
Insertion Sort Result :  1 	 2 	 3 	 4 	 9 	

C Program to Insertion Sort using While Loop

#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
    int a[100], number, i, j, temp;
    
    printf("\n Please Enter the total Number of Elements  :  ");
    scanf("%d", &number);
    
    printf("\n Please Enter the Array Elements  :  ");
    for(i = 0; i < number; i++)
        scanf("%d", &a[i]);
    
    i = 1;
    while( i <= number - 1)
    {
        j = i;
        while( j > 0 && a[j - 1] > a[j])
        {
            temp = a[j];
            a[j] = a[j - 1];
            a[j - 1] = temp;
            j--;
        }
        i++;
    }
    printf("\n Result : ");
    for(i = 0; i < number; i++)
    {
        printf(" %d \t", a[i]);
    }
    printf("\n");
    return 0;
}

The result of the above c program; is as follows:

Please Enter the total Number of Elements  :  5
Please Enter the Array Elements  :  6 9 1 2 4
Result :  1 	 2 	 4 	 6 	 9 	

C Program to Insertion Sort using Function

#include <stdio.h>
void insFunc(int a[], int num) {
    int i, j, temp;
    for(i = 1; i <= num - 1; i++)
    {
        for(j = i; j > 0 && a[j - 1] > a[j]; j--)
        {
            temp = a[j];
            a[j] = a[j - 1];
            a[j - 1] = temp;
        }
    }
}
int main()
{
    int a[100], num, i;
    
    printf("\n Please Enter the total No. of Elements  :  ");
    scanf("%d", &num);
    
    printf("\n Please Enter the Array Elements  :  ");
    for(i = 0; i < num; i++)
        scanf("%d", &a[i]);
    insFunc(a, num);
    printf("\n Output : ");
    for(i = 0; i < num; i++)  {
        printf(" %d \t", a[i]);
    }
    printf("\n");
    return 0;
}

The result of the above c program; is as follows:

Please Enter the total No. of Elements  :  5
Please Enter the Array Elements  :  8 6 4 2 1
Output :  1 	 2 	 4 	 6 	 8 	

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