How to Send Mail using Queue in Laravel 9

Laravel 9 send mail using queue example; Through this tutorial, i am going to show you how to send mail using queue job in laravel 9 apps with smtp drivers like Mailgun, Postmark, Amazon SES, office365, gmail and sendmail.

How to Send Mail using Queue in Laravel 9

Use the below given steps to send mail using queue in laravel 9 apps:

  • Step 1 – Install Laravel 9 App
  • Step 2 – Configure SMTP & Database
  • Step 3 – Create Mailable Class
  • Step 4 – Add Email Send Route
  • Step 5 – Create Directory And Mail Blade View
  • Step 6 – Configuration Mail Queue
  • Step 7 – Build Queue Job For Sending Mail
  • Step 8 – Run Development Server

Step 1 – Install Laravel 9 App

Run the following command on command prompt to install or download laravel application:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

Step 2 – Configure SMTP & Database

To configure smtp details in .env file like following:

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=db name
DB_USERNAME=db user name
DB_PASSWORD=db password

MAIL_DRIVER=smtp
MAIL_HOST=smtp.gmail.com 
MAIL_PORT=587 
MAIL_USERNAME=Add  user name here
MAIL_PASSWORD=Add  password here
MAIL_ENCRYPTION=tls 

Note that:- If we are sending a mail using Gmail we have to allow non-secure apps to access Gmail we can do this by going to Gmail settings here.

Once less secure apps are enabled; now we can use Gmail for sending the emails.

Step 3 – Create Mailable Class

Run the following command on command prompt to create NotifyMail mailable class:

php artisan make:mail NotifyMail
<?php
namespace App\Mail;
use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
use Illuminate\Mail\Mailable;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
class NotifyMail extends Mailable
{
    use Queueable, SerializesModels;
    /**
     * Create a new message instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct()
    {
        //
    }
    /**
     * Build the message.
     *
     * @return $this
     */
    public function build()
    {
        return $this->view('view.name');
    }
}

By whatever name we will create an email template. That want to send. Do not forget to add an email template name in build class of the above created notifymail class.

    return $this->view('view.name');
    to
    return $this->view('emails.demoMail');

In next step, Create email template named demoMail.blade.php inside resources/views/emails directory. That’s why have added view name email.

Step 4 – Add Send Email Route

In this step, open /web.php, so navigate to routes directory. And then add the following routes for send email:

Route::get('email-test', function(){

$details['email'] = '[email protected]';

dispatch(new App\Jobs\SendEmailJob($details));

dd('done');
});

Step 5 – Create Directory And Mail Blade View

To create directory name emails inside resources/views directory. Then create an demoMail.blade.php blade view file inside resources/views/emails directory. And update the following code into it:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
 <title>Laravel 9 Send Email Example</title>
</head>
<body>
 <h1>This is test mail from Tutsmake.com</h1>
 <p>Laravel 9 send email example</p>
</body>
</html> 

Step 6 – Configuration Mail Queue

To configuration on queue driver. So open .env file and define database queue driver on “.env” file like following:

QUEUE_CONNECTION=database

Then open the command prompt and run following command for queue database tables:

php artisan queue:table

Next, migrate tables into database:

php artisan migrate

Step 7 – Build Queue Job For Sending Mail

Run the following command on command prompt to create queue job:

php artisan make:job SendEmailJob

Then open SendEmailJob.php file which is placed on “app/Jobs” directory. And update the following mail queue code into it:

<?php
  
namespace App\Jobs;
  
use Illuminate\Bus\Queueable;
use Illuminate\Contracts\Queue\ShouldQueue;
use Illuminate\Foundation\Bus\Dispatchable;
use Illuminate\Queue\InteractsWithQueue;
use Illuminate\Queue\SerializesModels;
use App\Mail\SendEmailTest;
use Mail;
  
class SendEmailJob implements ShouldQueue
{
    use Dispatchable, InteractsWithQueue, Queueable, SerializesModels;
  
    protected $details;
  
    /**
     * Create a new job instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct($details)
    {
        $this->details = $details;
    }
  
    /**
     * Execute the job.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function handle()
    {
        $email = new SendEmailTest();
        Mail::to($this->details['email'])->send($email);
    }
}

Step 8 – Run Development Server

Run the following command on command prompt to start server locally:

php artisan serve

Then open browser and fire the following URL on it:

http://127.0.0.1:8000/email-test

Conclusion

How to send mail using queue in Laravel 9; In this tutorial, we have learned how to create a mailable class in laravel 9. And using this class on how to send emails in laravel 9.

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