Laravel 8 AJAX CRUD Tutorial

Laravel 8 ajax crud tutorial. In this post, i will share with you step by step on how to build ajax crud operation app in laravel 8.

In this example post, i will implement ajax book crud (create , read, update and delete) operation app in laravel with modals & pagination.

Using this laravel 8 ajax book crud, you can easily perform insert update delete operation using ajax in laravel from database.

Laravel 8 Ajax CRUD Operation Example Tutorial

  • Step 1 – Install Laravel 8 Application
  • Step 2 – Configuring Database using Env File
  • Step 3 – Create Book Model & Migration
  • Step 4 – Create Routes
  • Step 5 – Creating Ajax Book CRUD Controller
  • Step 6 – Create Ajax Book CRUD Blade View
  • Step 7 – Start Development Server
  • Step 8 – Run Laravel 8 AJAX BOOK CRUD App On Browser

Step 1 – Install Laravel 8 Application

In step 1, open your terminal and navigate to your local web server directory using the following command:

//for windows user
cd xampp/htdocs

//for ubuntu user
cd var/www/html

Then install laravel 8 latest application using the following command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel LaravelAjaxBookCrud

Step 2 – Configuring Database using Env File

In step 2, open your downloaded laravel 8 app into any text editor. Then find .env file and configure database detail like following:

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=db name
DB_USERNAME=db user name
DB_PASSWORD=db password

Step 3 – Create Book Model & Migration

In step 3, open command prompt and navigate to your project by using the following command:

cd / LaravelAjaxBookCrud

Then create model and migration file by using the following command:

php artisan make:model Book -m

The above command will create two files into your laravel 8 ajax crud with modal app, which is located inside the following locations:

  • LaravelAjaxBookCrud/app/Models/Book.php
  • LaravelAjaxBookCrud/database/migrations/create_books_table.php

Now, open Book.php model file inside LaravelAjaxBookCrud/app/Models directory. And open it then add the fillable property code into Book.php file, like following:

<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Book extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;

    protected $fillable = [
        'title', 'code', 'author'
    ];
}

Then, find create_books_table.php file inside Laravel8Crud/database/migrations/ directory. Then open this file and add the following code into function up() on this file:

    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('books', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('title');
            $table->string('code');
            $table->string('author');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }

Now, open again your terminal and type the following command on cmd to create tables into your selected database:

php artisan migrate

Step 4 – Create Routes

In step 4, open your web.php file, which is located inside routes directory. Then add the following routes into web.php file:

use App\Http\Controllers\AjaxBOOKCRUDController;

Route::get('ajax-book-crud', [AjaxBOOKCRUDController::class, 'index']);
Route::post('add-update-book', [AjaxBOOKCRUDController::class, 'store']);
Route::post('edit-book', [AjaxBOOKCRUDController::class, 'edit']);
Route::post('delete-book', [AjaxBOOKCRUDController::class, 'destroy']);

Step 5 – Creating Ajax Book CRUD Controller

In step 5, create ajax book crud controller by using the following command:

php artisan make:controller AjaxBOOKCRUDController

The above command will create AjaxBOOKCRUDController.php file, which is located inside LaravelAjaxBookCrud/app/Http/Controllers/ directory.

And add the following code into AjaxBOOKCRUDController.php file:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

use App\Models\Book;

class AjaxBOOKCRUDController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $data['books'] = Book::orderBy('id','desc')->paginate(5);
   
        return view('ajax-book-crud',$data);
    }
    
   
    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {

        $book   =   Book::updateOrCreate(
                    [
                        'id' => $request->id
                    ],
                    [
                        'title' => $request->title, 
                        'code' => $request->code,
                        'author' => $request->author,
                    ]);
    
        return response()->json(['success' => true]);
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit(Request $request)
    {   

        $where = array('id' => $request->id);
        $book  = Book::where($where)->first();
 
        return response()->json($book);
    }
 
   
    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy(Request $request)
    {
        $book = Book::where('id',$request->id)->delete();
   
        return response()->json(['success' => true]);
    }
}

Step 6 – Create Ajax Book CRUD Blade View

In step 6, create one blade view file name ajax-book-crud.blade.php inside resource/views directory. Then add the following php and html code into ajax-book-crud.blade.php:

ajax-book-crud.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Laravel 8 Ajax CRUD Tutorial</title>
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/css/bootstrap.min.css" >

    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.4.1.min.js"></script>

    <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>

<div class="container mt-2">

    <div class="row">

        <div class="col-md-12 card-header text-center font-weight-bold">
          <h2>Laravel 8 Ajax Book CRUD Tutorial</h2>
        </div>
        <div class="col-md-12 mt-1 mb-2"><button type="button" id="addNewBook" class="btn btn-success">Add</button></div>
        <div class="col-md-12">
            <table class="table">
              <thead>
                <tr>
                  <th scope="col">#</th>
                  <th scope="col">Book Title</th>
                  <th scope="col">Book Code</th>
                  <th scope="col">Book Author</th>
                  <th scope="col">Action</th>
                </tr>
              </thead>
              <tbody> 
                @foreach ($books as $book)
                <tr>
                    <td>{{ $book->id }}</td>
                    <td>{{ $book->title }}</td>
                    <td>{{ $book->code }}</td>
                    <td>{{ $book->author }}</td>
                    <td>
                       <a href="javascript:void(0)" class="btn btn-primary edit" data-id="{{ $book->id }}">Edit</a>
                      <a href="javascript:void(0)" class="btn btn-primary delete" data-id="{{ $book->id }}">Delete</a>
                    </td>
                </tr>
                @endforeach
              </tbody>
            </table>
             {!! $books->links() !!}
        </div>
    </div>        
</div>

<!-- boostrap model -->
    <div class="modal fade" id="ajax-book-model" aria-hidden="true">
      <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
          <div class="modal-header">
            <h4 class="modal-title" id="ajaxBookModel"></h4>
          </div>
          <div class="modal-body">
            <form action="javascript:void(0)" id="addEditBookForm" name="addEditBookForm" class="form-horizontal" method="POST">
              <input type="hidden" name="id" id="id">
              <div class="form-group">
                <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Book Name</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="title" name="title" placeholder="Enter Book Name" value="" maxlength="50" required="">
                </div>
              </div>  

              <div class="form-group">
                <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Book Code</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="code" name="code" placeholder="Enter Book Code" value="" maxlength="50" required="">
                </div>
              </div>

              <div class="form-group">
                <label class="col-sm-2 control-label">Book Author</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="author" name="author" placeholder="Enter author Name" value="" required="">
                </div>
              </div>

              <div class="col-sm-offset-2 col-sm-10">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" id="btn-save" value="addNewBook">Save changes
                </button>
              </div>
            </form>
          </div>
          <div class="modal-footer">
            
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
<!-- end bootstrap model -->
<script type="text/javascript">
 $(document).ready(function($){

    $.ajaxSetup({
        headers: {
        'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
        }
    });

    $('#addNewBook').click(function () {
       $('#addEditBookForm').trigger("reset");
       $('#ajaxBookModel').html("Add Book");
       $('#ajax-book-model').modal('show');
    });
 
    $('body').on('click', '.edit', function () {

        var id = $(this).data('id');
         
        // ajax
        $.ajax({
            type:"POST",
            url: "{{ url('edit-book') }}",
            data: { id: id },
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function(res){
              $('#ajaxBookModel').html("Edit Book");
              $('#ajax-book-model').modal('show');
              $('#id').val(res.id);
              $('#title').val(res.title);
              $('#code').val(res.code);
              $('#author').val(res.author);
           }
        });

    });

    $('body').on('click', '.delete', function () {

       if (confirm("Delete Record?") == true) {
        var id = $(this).data('id');
         
        // ajax
        $.ajax({
            type:"POST",
            url: "{{ url('delete-book') }}",
            data: { id: id },
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function(res){

              window.location.reload();
           }
        });
       }

    });

    $('body').on('click', '#btn-save', function (event) {

          var id = $("#id").val();
          var title = $("#title").val();
          var code = $("#code").val();
          var author = $("#author").val();

          $("#btn-save").html('Please Wait...');
          $("#btn-save"). attr("disabled", true);
         
        // ajax
        $.ajax({
            type:"POST",
            url: "{{ url('add-update-book') }}",
            data: {
              id:id,
              title:title,
              code:code,
              author:author,
            },
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function(res){
             window.location.reload();
            $("#btn-save").html('Submit');
            $("#btn-save"). attr("disabled", false);
           }
        });

    });

});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Step 7 – Start Development Server

Finally, open your command prompt again and run the following command to start development server for your simple laravel 8 ajax book crud app:

php artisan serve

Step 8 – Run Laravel 8 AJAX BOOK CRUD App On Browser

In step 8, open your browser and fire the following url into your browser:

http://127.0.0.1:8000/ajax-book-crud

Laravel 8 ajax crud operation app will look like in the following images:

Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *