Laravel 8 DataTable Ajax CRUD Example Tutorial

Laravel 8 Ajax DataTables CRUD. In this post, i will show you how to implement ajax crud in laravel 8 with datatable js and bootstrap modal.

In this example post, i will build book ajax crud with datatable js and modal in laravel.

And you will learn how to insert, edit, update data using ajax in laravel 8 with datatable and bootstrap modal.

Laravel 8 Ajax Book CRUD with DataTables Tutorial

  • Step 1 – Installing Laravel 8 App
  • Step 2 – Configuring .evn file for Database
  • Step 3 – Installing Laravel Yajra DataTables
  • Step 4 – Create Model and Migration
  • Step 5 – Run Migration
  • Step 6 – Create Routes
  • Step 7 – Creating Datatables Controller
  • Step 8 – Create DataTable Blade View
  • Step 9 – Create Action Button(delete and edit) Blade View
  • Step 10 – Start Development Server

Step 1 – Installing Laravel 8 App

In step 1, open your terminal and navigate to your local web server directory using the following command:

//for windows user
cd xampp/htdocs

//for ubuntu user
cd var/www/html

Then install laravel 8 latest application using the following command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel LaravelDataTableCRUD

Step 2 – Configuring .evn file for Database

In step 2, open your downloaded laravel 8 app into any text editor. Then find .env file and configure database detail like following:

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=db name
DB_USERNAME=db user name
DB_PASSWORD=db password

Step 3 – Installing Laravel Yajra DataTables

In step 3, Navigate to your downloaded LaravelDataTableCRUD directory. And then install Yajra Datatables Packages in your laravel 8. Open terminal and run the following command:

cd / LaravelDataTableCRUD

composer require yajra/laravel-datatables-oracle
config/app.php

 'providers' => [
   
   Yajra\Datatables\DatatablesServiceProvider::class,
],

 'aliases' => [

  'Datatables' => Yajra\Datatables\Facades\Datatables::class,
] 

Then publish laravel datatables vendor package by using the following command:

php artisan vendor:publish

Step 4 – Create Model and Migration

In step 4, create book model and migration file by using the following command:

php artisan make:model Book -m

The above command will create two files into your laravel 8 ajax datatable crud with modal app, which is located inside the following locations:

  • LaravelDataTableCRUD/app/Models/Book.php
  • LaravelDataTableCRUD/database/migrations/create_books_table.php

Now, open Book.php model file inside LaravelDataTableCRUD/app/Models directory. And open it then add the fillable property code into Book.php file, like following:

<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Book extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;

    protected $fillable = [
        'title', 'code', 'author'
    ];
}

Then, find create_books_table.php file inside LaravelDataTableCRUD/database/migrations/ directory. Then open this file and add the following code into function up() on this file:

    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('books', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('title');
            $table->string('code');
            $table->string('author');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }

Step 5 – Run Migration

Now, open again your terminal and type the following command on cmd to create tables into your selected database:

php artisan migrate

Step 6 – Create Routes

In step 6, open your web.php file, which is located inside routes directory. Then add the following routes into web.php file:

use App\Http\Controllers\DataTablesController;

Route::get('ajax-datatable-crud', [DataTablesController::class, 'index']);
Route::post('add-update-book', [DataTablesController::class, 'store']);
Route::post('edit-book', [DataTablesController::class, 'edit']);
Route::post('delete-book', [DataTablesController::class, 'destroy']);

Step 7 – Creating Datatables Controller

In step 7, create datatable upload controller by using the following command:

php artisan make:controller DataTablesController

The above command will create DataTablesController.php file, which is located inside LaravelDataTableCRUD/app/Http/Controllers/ directory. So add the following code into it:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

use App\Models\Book;

use Datatables;

class DataTablesController extends Controller
{
	/**
	 * Display a listing of the resource.
	 *
	 * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
	 */
	public function index()
	{
	    if(request()->ajax()) {
	        return datatables()->of(Book::select('*'))
	        ->addColumn('action', 'book-action')
	        ->rawColumns(['action'])
	        ->addIndexColumn()
	        ->make(true);
	    }
	    return view('book-list');
	}
	 
	 
	/**
	 * Store a newly created resource in storage.
	 *
	 * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
	 * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
	 */
	public function store(Request $request)
	{  
	    $bookId = $request->id;
	    $book   =   Book::updateOrCreate(
	    	        [
	    	         'id' => $bookId
	    	        ],
	                [
	                'title' => $request->title, 
	                'code' => $request->code,
	                'author' => $request->author
	                ]);        
	    return Response()->json($book);
	}
	 
	 
	/**
	 * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
	 *
	 * @param  \App\book  $book
	 * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
	 */
	public function edit(Request $request)
	{   
	    $where = array('id' => $request->id);
	    $book  = Book::where($where)->first();
	 
	    return Response()->json($book);
	}
	 
	 
	/**
	 * Remove the specified resource from storage.
	 *
	 * @param  \App\book  $book
	 * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
	 */
	public function destroy(Request $request)
	{
	    $book = Book::where('id',$request->id)->delete();
	 
	    return Response()->json($book);
	}
}

Step 8 – Create DataTable Blade View

In step 8, create new blade view file that named book-list.blade.php inside resources/views directory for display list using yajra datatables in laravel.

So, add the following code into book-list.blade.php file:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <title>Laravel 8 DataTable Ajax Books CRUD Example</title>

  <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">

  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/css/bootstrap.min.css">

  <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.5.1.min.js"></script>

  <script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>

  <link  href="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.21/css/jquery.dataTables.min.css" rel="stylesheet">

  <script src="https://cdn.datatables.net/1.10.21/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>

</head>
<body>

<div class="container mt-4">
  
  <div class="col-md-12 mt-1 mb-2"><button type="button" id="addNewBook" class="btn btn-success">Add</button></div>

  <div class="card">

    <div class="card-header text-center font-weight-bold">
      <h2>Laravel 8 Ajax Book CRUD with DataTable Example Tutorial</h2>
    </div>

    <div class="card-body">

        <table class="table table-bordered" id="datatable-ajax-crud">
           <thead>
              <tr>
                 <th>Id</th>
                 <th>Book Title</th>
                 <th>Code</th>
                 <th>Author</th>
                 <th>Created at</th>
                 <th>Action</th>
              </tr>
           </thead>
        </table>

    </div>

  </div>
  <!-- boostrap add and edit book model -->
    <div class="modal fade" id="ajax-book-model" aria-hidden="true">
      <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
          <div class="modal-header">
            <h4 class="modal-title" id="ajaxBookModel"></h4>
          </div>
          <div class="modal-body">
            <form action="javascript:void(0)" id="addEditBookForm" name="addEditBookForm" class="form-horizontal" method="POST">
              <input type="hidden" name="id" id="id">
              <div class="form-group">
                <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Book Name</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="title" name="title" placeholder="Enter Book Name" maxlength="50" required="">
                </div>
              </div>  

              <div class="form-group">
                <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Book Code</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="code" name="code" placeholder="Enter Book Code" maxlength="50" required="">
                </div>
              </div>

              <div class="form-group">
                <label class="col-sm-2 control-label">Book Author</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="author" name="author" placeholder="Enter author Name" required="">
                </div>
              </div>

              <div class="col-sm-offset-2 col-sm-10">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" id="btn-save" value="addNewBook">Save changes
                </button>
              </div>
            </form>
          </div>
          <div class="modal-footer">
            
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
<!-- end bootstrap model -->

<script type="text/javascript">
     
 $(document).ready( function () {

    $.ajaxSetup({
        headers: {
        'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
        }
    });

    $('#datatable-ajax-crud').DataTable({
           processing: true,
           serverSide: true,
           ajax: "{{ url('ajax-datatable-crud') }}",
           columns: [
                    {data: 'id', name: 'id', 'visible': false},
                    { data: 'title', name: 'title' },
                    { data: 'code', name: 'code' },
                    { data: 'author', name: 'author' },
                    { data: 'created_at', name: 'created_at' },
                    {data: 'action', name: 'action', orderable: false},
                 ],
          order: [[0, 'desc']]
    });


    $('#addNewBook').click(function () {
       $('#addEditBookForm').trigger("reset");
       $('#ajaxBookModel').html("Add Book");
       $('#ajax-book-model').modal('show');
    });
 
    $('body').on('click', '.edit', function () {

        var id = $(this).data('id');
         
        // ajax
        $.ajax({
            type:"POST",
            url: "{{ url('edit-book') }}",
            data: { id: id },
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function(res){
              $('#ajaxBookModel').html("Edit Book");
              $('#ajax-book-model').modal('show');
              $('#id').val(res.id);
              $('#title').val(res.title);
              $('#code').val(res.code);
              $('#author').val(res.author);
           }
        });

    });

    $('body').on('click', '.delete', function () {

       if (confirm("Delete Record?") == true) {
        var id = $(this).data('id');
         
        // ajax
        $.ajax({
            type:"POST",
            url: "{{ url('delete-book') }}",
            data: { id: id },
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function(res){

              var oTable = $('#datatable-ajax-crud').dataTable();
              oTable.fnDraw(false);
           }
        });
       }

    });

    $('body').on('click', '#btn-save', function (event) {

          var id = $("#id").val();
          var title = $("#title").val();
          var code = $("#code").val();
          var author = $("#author").val();

          $("#btn-save").html('Please Wait...');
          $("#btn-save"). attr("disabled", true);
         
          // ajax
          $.ajax({
            type:"POST",
            url: "{{ url('add-update-book') }}",
            data: {
              id:id,
              title:title,
              code:code,
              author:author,
            },
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function(res){
            $("#ajax-book-model").modal('hide');
            var oTable = $('#datatable-ajax-crud').dataTable();
            oTable.fnDraw(false);
            $("#btn-save").html('Submit');
            $("#btn-save"). attr("disabled", false);
           }
        });

    });
});
</script>
</div>  
</body>
</html>

Description of above book-list.blade.php file code,

The following jQuery and ajax code into book-list.blade.php to get data from database table and display with html table with pagination:

    $('#datatable-ajax-crud').DataTable({
           processing: true,
           serverSide: true,
           ajax: "{{ url('ajax-datatable-crud') }}",
           columns: [
                    {data: 'id', name: 'id', 'visible': false},
                    { data: 'title', name: 'title' },
                    { data: 'code', name: 'code' },
                    { data: 'author', name: 'author' },
                    { data: 'created_at', name: 'created_at' },
                    {data: 'action', name: 'action', orderable: false},
                 ],
          order: [[0, 'desc']]
    });

And the following code add, edit, delete data using ajax with datatable on book-list.blade.php file:

    $('#addNewBook').click(function () {
       $('#addEditBookForm').trigger("reset");
       $('#ajaxBookModel').html("Add Book");
       $('#ajax-book-model').modal('show');
    });
 
    $('body').on('click', '.edit', function () {

        var id = $(this).data('id');
         
        // ajax
        $.ajax({
            type:"POST",
            url: "{{ url('edit-book') }}",
            data: { id: id },
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function(res){
              $('#ajaxBookModel').html("Edit Book");
              $('#ajax-book-model').modal('show');
              $('#id').val(res.id);
              $('#title').val(res.title);
              $('#code').val(res.code);
              $('#author').val(res.author);
           }
        });

    });

    $('body').on('click', '.delete', function () {

       if (confirm("Delete Record?") == true) {
        var id = $(this).data('id');
         
        // ajax
        $.ajax({
            type:"POST",
            url: "{{ url('delete-book') }}",
            data: { id: id },
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function(res){

              var oTable = $('#datatable-ajax-crud').dataTable();
              oTable.fnDraw(false);
           }
        });
       }

    });

    $('body').on('click', '#btn-save', function (event) {

          var id = $("#id").val();
          var title = $("#title").val();
          var code = $("#code").val();
          var author = $("#author").val();

          $("#btn-save").html('Please Wait...');
          $("#btn-save"). attr("disabled", true);
         
          // ajax
          $.ajax({
            type:"POST",
            url: "{{ url('add-update-book') }}",
            data: {
              id:id,
              title:title,
              code:code,
              author:author,
            },
            dataType: 'json',
            success: function(res){
            $("#ajax-book-model").modal('hide');
            var oTable = $('#datatable-ajax-crud').dataTable();
            oTable.fnDraw(false);
            $("#btn-save").html('Submit');
            $("#btn-save"). attr("disabled", false);
           }
        });

    });

And the ollowing code will display add book and edit book model:

  <!-- boostrap add and edit book model -->
    <div class="modal fade" id="ajax-book-model" aria-hidden="true">
      <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
          <div class="modal-header">
            <h4 class="modal-title" id="ajaxBookModel"></h4>
          </div>
          <div class="modal-body">
            <form action="javascript:void(0)" id="addEditBookForm" name="addEditBookForm" class="form-horizontal" method="POST">
              <input type="hidden" name="id" id="id">
              <div class="form-group">
                <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Book Name</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="title" name="title" placeholder="Enter Book Name" maxlength="50" required="">
                </div>
              </div>  

              <div class="form-group">
                <label for="name" class="col-sm-2 control-label">Book Code</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="code" name="code" placeholder="Enter Book Code" maxlength="50" required="">
                </div>
              </div>

              <div class="form-group">
                <label class="col-sm-2 control-label">Book Author</label>
                <div class="col-sm-12">
                  <input type="text" class="form-control" id="author" name="author" placeholder="Enter author Name" required="">
                </div>
              </div>

              <div class="col-sm-offset-2 col-sm-10">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" id="btn-save" value="addNewBook">Save changes
                </button>
              </div>
            </form>
          </div>
          <div class="modal-footer">
            
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
<!-- end bootstrap model -->

Don’t worry i have already added the jquery datatables libraries and ajax code on book-list.blade.php.

Step 9 – Create Action Button(delete and edit) Blade View

In step 9, create action button name book-action.blade.php file. And add the following code into it:

<a href="javascript:void(0)" data-toggle="tooltip"  data-id="{{ $id }}" data-original-title="Edit" class="edit btn btn-success edit">
	Edit
</a>
<a href="javascript:void(0);" id="delete-book" data-toggle="tooltip" data-original-title="Delete" data-id="{{ $id }}" class="delete btn btn-danger">
	Delete
</a>

Step 10 – Start Development Server

In step 10, open cmd and run the following command:

php artisan serve

Then open browser and fire the following url into your browser:

http://127.0.0.1:8000/ajax-datatable-crud

Laravel 8 ajax crud with datatable js app will look like in the following image:

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