How to Install LAMP Apache, MySQL, PHP in Ubuntu 22.04

The LAMP is stands for Linux, Apache, Mysql, and PHP. It is an open source platform and works on the Linux operating system. It uses Apache web server, MySQL relational database management system, and PHP object-oriented scripting language.

In this tutorial, i am going to show you how to install and configure Lamp (apache, mysql, php) on Ubuntu 22.04 server.

How To Install LAMP In Ubuntu 22.04

Follow the below given steps to install and configure LAMP linux, apache, PHP, MySQL in ubuntu 22.04:

  • Step 1 – Update System Dependencies
  • Step 2 – Install Apache
  • Step 3 – Setup Firewall
  • Step 4 – Check Apache Installation
  • Step 5 – Install MySQL
  • Step 6 – Secure MySQL
  • Step 7 – Install PHP
  • Step 8 – Configure PHP
  • Step 9 – Configure Apache

Step 1 – Update System Dependencies

Open command prompt and run following command on command prompt to update the packages to the latest version available:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

Step 2 – Install Apache

Run the following command on command prompt to install apache on ubuntu 22.04 system:

sudo apt install apache2

Step 3 – Setup Firewall

Once the apache installation has been finished. Then need to set up Uncomplicated Firewall (UFW) with Apache to allow public access on default web ports for HTTP and HTTPS

sudo ufw app list

We will see all listed applications.

Output
Available applications:
Apache
Apache Full
Apache Secure
OpenSSH
  • Apache: This profile opens port 80 (normal, unencrypted web traffic)
  • Apache Full: This profile opens both port 80 (normal, unencrypted web traffic) and port 443 (TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)
  • Apache Secure: This profile opens only port 443 (TLS/SSL encrypted traffic)
  • OpenSSH: This profile opens port 22 for SSH access.

If your e are not going to use SSL we need to enable only the Apache profile.

Then enable apache full by using the following command; is as follows:

sudo ufw allow 'Apache Full'

With this command you can view the status of UFW.

sudo ufw status

Also you will see the output as follows.

Output
Status: active
To Action From
-- ------ ----
Apache Full ALLOW Anywhere
OpenSSH ALLOW Anywhere
Apache Full (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6)
OpenSSH (v6) ALLOW Anywhere (v6)

Step – 4 Check Apache Installation

Once Apache is installed and firewall configuration has been finished, you can check Apache version using the following command: is as follows:

sudo apachectl -v
Output
Server version: Apache/2.4.52 (Ubuntu)
Server built:   2022-03-25T00:35:40

Every process in Apache is managed with the systemctl command. Check the status of Apache with the following command.

sudo systemctl status apache2
Output
● apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Fri 2022-04-29 00:34:49 UTC; 2min 52s ago
       Docs: https://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/
   Main PID: 12782 (apache2)
      Tasks: 55 (limit: 1151)
     Memory: 5.1M
        CPU: 52ms
     CGroup: /system.slice/apache2.service
             ├─12782 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             ├─12784 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
             └─12785 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start

Step 5 – Install MySQL

Install and configure mysql on ubuntu 22.04 by using the following commands: is as follows:

sudo apt install mysql-server

Once the installation is completed. You can verify that the MySQL server status is running, type:

sudo service mysql status

The output should show that the service is enabled and running:

● mysql.service - MySQL Community Server
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mysql.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Fri 2022-04-29 00:38:45 UTC; 11s ago
    Process: 13836 ExecStartPre=/usr/share/mysql/mysql-systemd-start pre (code=exited, statu>
   Main PID: 13844 (mysqld)
     Status: "Server is operational"
      Tasks: 38 (limit: 1151)
     Memory: 351.4M
        CPU: 1.043s
     CGroup: /system.slice/mysql.service
             └─13844 /usr/sbin/mysqld

To check mysql version using the following command:

sudo mysql -V
Output
mysql  Ver 8.0.28-0ubuntu4 for Linux on x86_64 ((Ubuntu))

Step 6 – Secure MySQL

MySQL installation comes with a script named mysql_secure_installation that allows we to easily improve the MySQL server security.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Will be asked to configure the VALIDATE PASSWORD PLUGIN which is used to test the strength of the MySQL users passwords and improve the security.

Press y if we want to set up the validate password plugin or any other key to move to the next step.

There are three levels of password validation policy, low, medium, and strong. Enter 2 for strong password validation.

On the next prompt, will be asked to set a password for the MySQL root user.

If we set up the validate password plugin, the script will show we the strength of we new password. Type y to confirm the password.

Next, will be asked to remove the anonymous user, restrict root user access to the local machine, remove the test database, and reload privilege tables. we should answer y to all questions.

Step 7 – Install PHP

Run the following command to Install PHP:

sudo apt install php8.1-fpm php8.1 libapache2-mod-php8.1 php8.1-common php8.1-mysql php8.1-xml php8.1-xmlrpc php8.1-curl php8.1-gd php8.1-imagick php8.1-cli php8.1-imap php8.1-mbstring php8.1-opcache php8.1-soap php8.1-zip php8.1-intl php8.1-bcmath unzip -y

Once the PHP installed has been complete, you can use the following command to check the version of installed php:

php -v
Output
PHP 8.1.5 (cli) (built: Apr  7 2022 17:46:26) (NTS)
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v4.1.5, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
    with Zend OPcache v8.1.5, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies

Step 8 – Configure PHP

To configure PHP by changing some values in php.ini file.

So, open php.ini file by using the following command on command prompt:

sudo nano /etc/php/8.1/apache2/php.ini

Hit F6 for search inside the editor and update the following values for better performance.

upload_max_filesize = 32M 
post_max_size = 48M
memory_limit = 256M
max_execution_time = 600
max_input_vars = 3000
max_input_time = 1000

Once we have modified PHP settings, we need to restart Apache for the changes to take effect.

Step 9 – Configure Apache

Disable default Apache configuration.

sudo a2dissite 000-default

Create website directories.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/html/domainname/public

Setup correct permissions.

sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/domainname
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/domainname

Create a new virtual host configuration.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/domainname.conf

Paste the following configurations in the new file:

<VirtualHost *:80>
     ServerAdmin [email protected]
     ServerName domainname.com
     ServerAlias www.domainname.com

     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/domainname/public

     <Directory /var/www/html/domainname/public>
         Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
         AllowOverride All
         Require all granted
     </Directory>

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log 
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined 
 </VirtualHost>

Enable the new configuration.

sudo a2ensite domainname.conf

Step 10: Install PhpMyAdmin

Run the following command to Install PHPMyAdmin:

sudo apt install phpmyadmin

Configuration phpmyadmin for Apache.

sudo cp /etc/phpmyadmin/apache.conf /etc/apache2/conf-available/phpmyadmin.conf

Enable the configuration.

sudo a2enconf phpmyadmin.conf

Then execute the following command on command prompt to restart apache web server:

sudo service apache2 restart

Now you have installed PHPMyadmin, this can be accessible with this route yourdomain.com/phpmyadmin.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, i have shown to you how to install and configure Lamp (apache, mysql, php) on Ubuntu 22.04 server.

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